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Adar and Purim

Rav Dovid gives a daily halacha at the Wall Street Synagogue in Lower Manhattan.
This series covers Adar and Purim.
11 Adar 5770 listen Aspects of Al HaNissim; Purim on Saturday Night (13:13)
Sources: Shaarei Teshuva 682:1; OC 693:1; MB 693:1
10 Adar 5770 listen What if you forget Al HaNissim? (13:39)
What to do if you forget al hanissim in either the amidah or in birkat hamazon.
Sources: OC 682:1; MB 682:1-5
9 Adar 5770 listen Birkat HaMazon on "Motzei Purim" (15:06)
If your Seudat Purim stretches into nighttime, do you still say al hanissim?
Sources: MB 188:33; Baer Heitev 188:8
8 Adar 5770 listen Birkat HaMazon on Motzei Shabbos when Sunday is Purim (16:30)
When Sunday is Rosh Chodesh, we say both retzei and ya'aleh v'yavo in birkat hamazon as shabbos ends. What about when Sunday is Purim?
Sources: OC 187:4; OC 188:10; MB 188:33
5 Adar 5770 listen A Bris on Taanit Esther when Purim is on Sunday (10:06)
If Taanit Esther is pushed back from shabbos to Thursday, does a bris override the fast?
Sources: OC 686:2; MB 686:7
4 Adar 5770 listen Prophetic Tochacha (14:26)
There is no better tochacha than that of a prophet -- such as Mordechai's tochacha to Esther. Also: Taanit Esther when Purim is on Sunday.
Sources: Est. 4:13-14; OC 686:2; MB 686:2-3
24 Kislev 5770 listen She-Asah Nissim for the Time of Chanukah (16:27)
Various topics in aspects of the Chanukah blessings.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 5:20b
23 Kislev 5770 listen Perhaps we should make a Shehechiyanu for the day of Chanukah itself? (14:45)
Reasons to make a shehechiyanu.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 5:20b
21 Kislev 5770 listen Chanukah: Shehechiyanu (14:52)
Do we make a shehechiyanu bracha on the day of Chanukah itself or just on the mitzvah of lighting the candles?
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 5:20b
13 Adar 5769 listen Blotting out Haman's Name (2) (8:22)
It's best not to verbally blot out Haman's name.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 1:192
10 Adar 5769 listen Blotting out Haman's Name (1) (17:37)
Even when we blot out Haman's name during megilla reading, we still have to hear the megilla.
Sources: OC 690:17; MB 690:59-60; Shar HaTziun 690:57; Baer Heitev 690:14; Igros Moshe OC 1:192
9 Adar 5769 listen Interruptions in the Reading of the Megilla (2) (12:37)
An overview of the halachot of interruptions in kriat shema helps us better understand the halachot of interruptions in the reading of the megilla.
Sources: OC 65:1, 690:17; MB 65:1
7 Adar 5769 listen Parshat Zachor (15:45)
The reading of Parshat Zachor.
Sources: OC 685:2,7; MB 685:6-8,14-16
2 Adar 5769 listen Interruptions in the Reading of the Megilla (1) (15:24)
If you pause during or interrupt the reading of the Megilla, do you need to start over? NOTE: there are mistakes in this shiur that will be corrected in part 2!
Sources: Mishna Megilla 2:1-2; OC 690:5; MB 690:17-19
30 Shevat 5769 listen Reading from a Non-Kosher Megilla (11:44)
If you have a pasul Megillat Ester, make sure not to read aloud with the ba'al koreh
Sources: OC 690:4; MB 690:13-16
29 Shevat 5769 listen Reading the Megilla Over a Microphone (2) (13:57)
Rav Moshe's psak on microphone use with regard to megilla.
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 4:126
25 Shevat 5769 listen Reading the Megilla Over a Microphone (1) (15:45)
If you hear the megilla read over a microphone, have you fulfilled your obligation?
Sources: Igros Moshe OC 2:108
24 Shevat 5769 listen Reading Megilla from an Incomplete Scroll (14:16)
If the megilla is missing letters, words, or entire verses, can it be used?
Sources: OC 690:3; MB 690:6-12
23 Shevat 5769 listen Reading the Megilla in Public (15:03)
Introduction to the halachot surrounding the public megilla reading.
Sources: OC 690:1-3; MB 690:1-5
19 Shevat 5769 listen Sadness on Purim: Fasting and Eulogies (11:21)
Fasting on Purim is forbidden, and mourning only be observed in private.
Sources: OC 686:1, 695:2, 696:3; MB 695:6, 696:8-9
18 Shevat 5769 listen Drinking at the Purim Seudah (14:48)
Be careful not to drink too much at the Purim meal.
Sources: Meg. 7b; OC 695:1-2; MB 698:4
12 Adar II 5768 listen Who was Ahashveirosh? (14:58)
Who was Ahashveirosh who made a 180-day party? Why is it important that he sat on his throne in Shushan, his capitol city; isn't that what all kings do?
Sources: Est. 1:1; Targum, ad loc.
11 Adar II 5768 listen Introduction to the Megilla (14:00)
An introduction to the first few verses of the Megilla as an example of the rabbinic exegetic process.
Sources: Est. 1:1; Rashi, Ebn Ezra, Rishon LeTzion, Targum, ad loc.
10 Adar II 5768 listen Going Away for Purim (13:45)
If you must be away for Purim such that you won't have an opportunity to hear the megilla at the right time, what should you do?
Sources: OC 688:7-8; MB 688:19-23
9 Adar II 5768 listen Purim Meshulash: "Three-Day Purim" (15:43)
When Shushan Purim falls on Shabbos, Jews in walled cities celebrate Purim for three days!
Sources: OC 688:6; MB 688:14-18
6 Adar II 5768 listen Ben Ir SheHalach L'Krach (13:51)
A dweller of a walled city who goes to a village for Purim or vice versa... when does he read the Megilla? Also: Two Biblical walled cities of questionable status.
Sources: II Sam. 20:14; Judges 16:2; OC 688:5; MB 688:12-13
5 Adar II 5768 listen When You are Unsure when to Read... (16:13)
Halachot for situations when you are unsure whether to observer Purim on the 14th or 15th of Adar, including questionably walled cities, and an introduction to people who travel to or from walled cities for Purim.
Sources: OC 688:4-5; MB 688:9-12; Beur Halacha d.h. "Ben ir she'halach l'krach"
4 Adar II 5768 listen Modern Jerusalem and Other Cities (14:08)
The status of various cities -- modern Jerusalem, Shushan, Jaffa, Tiberias, Hebron, and more.
Sources: OC 688:2-3; MB 688:5-8
3 Adar II 5768 listen Purim and Shushan Purim (14:32)
Most of us celebrate Purim on the fourteenth of Adar, but certain cities, like Shushan, celebrate on the fifteenth.
Sources: Est. 9:17-23; OC 688:1; MB 688:1,3-4
30 Shevat 5768 listen Rosh Chodesh: Leap Year, Part 1 (9:24)
In a leap year, are events observed in Adar 1 or Adar 2?
Sources: OC 697:1; MB 697:1-3 Shaar HaTziun 697:2
12 Adar 5767 listen Al HaNissim in Birkat HaMazon for Purim (15:47)
What if you forget al hanissim in birkat hamazon? Also: what if Purim falls before or after shabbos and your meal begins in the day and continues into the night -- can you say both al hanissim and r'tzei?
Sources: OC 695:3; MB 695:15
10 Adar 5767 listen The Importance of Community on Purim: Matanot L'Evyonim and Mishloach Manot (14:48)
Matanot L'Evyonim and Mishloach Manot are mitzvot that enhance the communal joy of Purim and increase the loving brotherhood of all Jews for each other.
Sources: OC 694:4; MB 694:12-13; OC 695:4; MB 695:18-27
9 Adar 5767 listen Halachic Oddities that Emphasize the Importance of Hearing the Megilla (13:00)
The obligations of half-slaves, androginus, and tumtum; reading megilla without a minyan: odd situations that demonstrate the halachic importance of hearing the megilla read.
Sources: OC 689:3-5; MB 689:9,14-15
5 Adar 5767 listen Megilla: The Obligation to Read; the Obligation to Listen (14:35)
Is the obligation to read the Megilla, or is the obligation to hear it read? Is the obligation the same for men and women? Can women read the megilla in public? Can women read it for men?
Sources: OC 689:2; MB 689:4-7; Shaar HaTziun 689:7
4 Adar 5767 listen The Importance of Reading the Megilla (14:35)
Megilla is so important that we put aside (almost) any other mitzvah to read the megilla -- even a mitzvah d'oraita.
Sources: OC 687:2; MB 687:7,10-12
20 Shevat 5767 listen Why is Parshat Shekalim read prior to Rosh Chodesh Adar? (19:20)
Also: what if you forget to read one of the four parshiyot?
Sources: Ex. 30:11-16; Meg. 29b; OC 685:1; MB 685:2
13 Adar 5766 listen Who is obligated to read Megilla? (6:20)
Also: Why are some verses recited aloud by all?
Sources: OC 689:1,6; MB 689:1-3,16-17
10 Adar 5766 listen Mechetzit HaShekel - Giving a "Half Shekel" before Purim (9:44)
Sources: OC 694:1; MB 694:5; Ex. 25:1-3
9 Adar 5766 listen Al HaNissim and Purim - An Introduction to the Purim Story (1:02:49)
9 Adar 5766 listen Mishloach Manot and Matanot L'Evyonim - Sharing Food and Gifts for the Poor (8:35)
The Mitzvot of Purim: giving food and gifts to the poor.
Sources: OC 695:4; OC 694:1; MB 695:25; MB 694:1-3; Est. 9:19
8 Adar 5766 listen Seudat Purim - The Purim Meal (8:53)
Is there really a mitzvah to get drunk on Purim?
Sources: Meg. 7b; OC 695:1-2; MB 695:5
7 Adar 5766 listen Where is Purim in the Torah? (12:57)
Is there a reference to Purim in the Torah?
7 Adar 5766 listen Parshat Zachor - Shabbat before Purim (2:37)
The reading of Parshat Zachor on the Shabbos before Purim.
3 Adar 5766 listen Megilla Reading by Day and by Night (7:43)
Is there a difference between the daytime and nighttime Megilla reading?
Sources: OC 687:1; MB 687:2; Shaarei Teshuva *
2 Adar 5766 listen Ta'anit Esther (The Fast of Esther) (8:28)
Why do we fast? Who is obligated to fast?
Sources: OC 686:2-3; MB 686:2,3,5,8; Shaar HaTziun 686:11
30 Shevat 5766 listen Rosh Chodesh Adar (5:53)
23 Shevat 5766 listen Parshat Shekalim - Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Adar (10:19)
The reading of Parshat Shekalim on the Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh Adar.
Sources: Ex. 30:11-16; Meg. 29a; OC 685:5; MB 685:1

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Enjoy each of Rav Dovid's Daily Halacha Series:
Wake Up! | Kavanah | Zmanim | Tzitzit | Tefillin | Brachot
Pesukei d'Zimra | Kriat Shema | Amidah | Geshem and Tal | Mincha
Kaddish | Amen! | Shabbos | Kiddush | Shofar | Teshuva
Rosh HaShana | Ten Days | Yom Kippur | Sukkos | Pesach | Sefirat HaOmer
Shavuot | Chanukah | Purim | Rosh Chodesh | Tu B'Shvat
Fast Days | The Three Weeks | Tisha B'Av | The Four Parshiyot | Parshat HaShavua
The Kosher Kitchen | Issur v'Heter | Speaking to G-d | Spiritual Reality, Spiritual Freedom
The Jewish Calendar | Chinuch: Education | A Practical Guide to Shabbos | Rav Dovid's Shiurim
True or False? | Respect for Parents, Elders, and Torah Scholars | Ben Adam l'Chaveiro
Rav Dovid's daily halacha is given at the Wall Street Synagogue before shacharit.

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