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Wake Up! | Kavanah | Zmanim | Tzitzit | Tefillin | Brachot
Pesukei d'Zimra | Kriat Shema | Amidah | Geshem and Tal | Mincha
Kaddish | Amen! | Shabbos | Kiddush | Shofar | Teshuva
Rosh HaShana | Ten Days | Yom Kippur | Sukkos | Pesach | Sefirat HaOmer
Shavuot | Chanukah | Purim | Rosh Chodesh | Tu B'Shvat
Fast Days | The Three Weeks | Tisha B'Av | The Four Parshiyot | Parshat HaShavua
The Kosher Kitchen | Issur v'Heter | Speaking to G-d | Spiritual Reality, Spiritual Freedom
The Jewish Calendar | Chinuch: Education | A Practical Guide to Shabbos | Rav Dovid's Shiurim
True or False? | Respect for Parents, Elders, and Torah Scholars | Ben Adam l'Chaveiro

Wake Up! and Start Your Day

Rav Dovid gives a daily halacha at the Wall Street Synagogue in Lower Manhattan.
This series covers waking up in the morning.
8 Adar I 5768 listen Review: Shema through Aleinu (15:10)
A review, summary and overview of halachot of shacharit, from Shema through Aleinu.
7 Adar I 5768 listen Review: Wakeup through Shema (15:32)
A review, summary and overview of halachot of morning conduct, from waking up through the recitation of Shema.
26 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening before MiSheYakir (16:27)
What should you do if you need to daven early in the morning, prior to MiSheYakir (the earliest time for shema), which is much before netz (the earliest time for the amidah).
Sources: OC 89:8; MB 89:38-42; Beur Halacha d.h. "Bsha'at HaDchak"
Dedicated to Ariella Rivka bas Avroham, may her neshoma have an aliya.
25 Cheshvan 5768 listen Activities before Dawn; Activities before Davening (11:27)
It is a bit surprising to learn that it is permissible to take a haircut or a bath prior to dawn, even within the half hour approaching the time to daven. Why is this?
Sources: OC 89:7; MB 89:36-37; OC 232:2
24 Cheshvan 5768 listen Learning before Davening; Learning before Dawn (12:56)
Being careful about davening shacharit at the right time is of such high priority that one shouldn't even learn Torah prior to davening. But what about learning at night, or waking up before dawn?
Sources: OC 89:6; MB 89:30-35
21 Cheshvan 5768 listen Eating before Amud HaShachar (14:18)
We have learned that we cannot eat prior to davening Shacharit, but what about eating prior to dawn?
Sources: OC 89:5; MB 89:27-29
19 Cheshvan 5768 listen Tending to Your Needs, Eating, or Drinking before Davening (16:08)
Just as we don't go to greet friends, so too we don't tend to our own business or even eat or drink prior to davening.
Sources: OC 89:3; MB 89:17-22
18 Cheshvan 5768 listen Going to See Others before Going to See Hashem (13:33)
An midrashic overview of the priority of greeting Hashem before greeting others; the halachot of going to a friend's home prior to going to shul and of responding to someone else's greeting.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:12-16
17 Cheshvan 5768 listen Greeting Others before Greeting Hashem (14:18)
Upon awakening in the morning, our priority is to daven. As such, there is a prohibition on stopping to see a friend before davening.
Sources: OC 89:2; MB 89:8-12
12 Cheshvan 5768 listen What is the earliest time for Amidah? (14:20)
The amidah follows different times from the shema. What are these times, and why are they different? What if you need to daven early? Also: a review and overview of the times for shema; what to do if you need to put on tallis and tefillin prior to misheyakir.
Sources: Brachot 24a; OC 89:1; MB 89:1
11 Cheshvan 5768 listen What if you miss the time for Shema? (16:59)
If you are unable to complete shema on time, or even if you purposely miss the required time, you can still say shema later in the day.
Sources: OC 58:6; MB 58:24-29
10 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Difference Between Night and Day (12:12)
If you forget to daven ma'ariv, you can daven until dawn, but this impairs the permission to daven shacharis early. Also: The yahrzeit of Methushelah.
Sources: OC 58:5; MB 58:20-23
7 Cheshvan 5768 listen Davening before Netz (15:11)
Sometimes you have no choice but to daven before netz or to start davening before misheyakir. What should you do? Also: an actual example of how Rav Dovid handled such a situation.
Sources: OC 58:4; MB 58:18-19; Beur Halacha d.h. "MiSheAlah Amud HaShahar"
6 Cheshvan 5768 listen Reading Shema before MiSheYakir (14:36)
What should you do if you have no choice but to read shema prior to the earliest permissible time?
Sources: OC 58:3; MB 58:13-17
5 Cheshvan 5768 listen What if you have to daven before dawn? (15:09)
Includes: review and overview of the four morning halachic times: the three "dawns" and the end of the time for kriat shema. Situations where you have to daven before the appropriate time.
Sources: OC 58:2-3; MB 58:10-12
4 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Ideal Time for Shema (14:58)
The perfect time to recite the shema is just before the sun peeps over the horizon. This time is so ideal that one can daven at this time at the expense of davening with a minyan.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:6-9; Beur Halacha d.h. "Mitzvah min HaMuvchar"
3 Cheshvan 5768 listen The Latest Time for Shema (14:46)
The entire Shema must be recited in full before three halachic daylight hours have passed.
Sources: OC 58:1; MB 58:3-5
In memory of Leah bas Yechezkel on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
28 Tishrei 5768 listen The Earliest Time for Shema: Vatikin (15:05)
The proper time for the recitation of the morning Shema is unfortunately a time when few of us can awaken ourselves to pray on a regular basis.
Sources: Brachot 9b; OC 58:1; MB 58:1-2
Dedicated in memory of Feigel bas Aharon HaKohen on the occasion of her yahrzeit.
27 Tishrei 5768 listen The Earliest Time for Shema (15:57)
The earliest time that one can recite the morning Shema is the time when we can recognize each other.
Sources: Brachot 9b
25 Sivan 5767 listen Reciting the Morning Brachot Out of Order; Other Morning Blessings (14:55)
If the morning brachot are recited out of order, how should one correct the error, if at all. Also -- some mistaken brachot that were once recited.
Sources: OC 46:5-7; MB 46:20-23
22 Sivan 5767 listen More Morning Blessings; What if the particular bracha doesn't apply to you? (21:00)
Three more morning brachot; differences in the order of brachot among Sephardim and Ashkenazim. Also: what if the reason for reciting one of the blessings doesn't apply to you?
Sources: OC 46:4,8; MB 46:15-19,24-26; Baer Heitev 46:8
21 Sivan 5767 listen Morning Blessings (Part 3): The Order of the Blessings (15:48)
Why are the blessings we recite today in a different order from those in the Shulchan Aruch? And when is the proper time for the bracha al netilat yadayim?
Sources: OC 46:1-2; MB 46:10-13
20 Sivan 5767 listen Morning Blessings (Part 2) (14:48)
The blessings over dressing, stretching, opening your eyes, walking, wearing shoes, and more.
Sources: OC 46:1; MB 46:5-9
19 Sivan 5767 listen Morning Blessings (Part 1): Elohai Neshoma and Daybreak (19:18)
The brachot Elohai Neshoma and asher natan l'sechvi vina are recited each morning. What if you didn't sleep? What if you didn't hear a rooster crow?
Sources: OC 46:1,8; MB 46:1-4
18 Sivan 5767 listen Introduction: 100 Brachos per Day (15:47)
Why do we have so many different brachot? An introduction to the history of brachot.
Sources: OC 46:3; MB 46:Introduction,14; Men. 43b
15 Sivan 5767 listen The Prohibition on Reciting Pasukim Prior to Birkat HaTorah (15:28)
Not only is there a requirement to recite Birkat HaTorah prior to learning, there is a reciprocal prohibition agasint reciting pasukim prior to reciting Birkat HaTorah -- even if the pasukim are said as tefilla.
Sources: OC 46:9; MB 46:29-32
14 Sivan 5767 listen Birkot HaTorah -- The Gemara and Tosefot (16:42)
This shiur goes through the Gemara and Tosefot in detail as an illustration of how the pilpul of the Rishonim results in all of the different halacha l'ma'aseh categories in Birkot HaTorah -- the l'chatchila and b'dieved halacha, kavanah, the requirement to learn after the bracha or after ahava raba, etc.
Sources: Brachot 11b; Tos. Br. 11b d.h. SheKvar Niftar
13 Sivan 5767 listen Learning after Birkat HaTorah; Women's Obligation for Birkat HaTorah (16:32)
It is best to learn immediately after reciting Birkat HaTorah. Also: all agree that women too are obligated to recite Birkat HaTorah, though their obligation may or may not be the same as men's obligation.
Sources: OC 47:9,14; MB 47:19-21; Beur Halacha d.h. "Nashim"
12 Sivan 5767 listen Fulfilling the Obligation for Birkat HaTorah via Ahava Raba (15:58)
How is it that Ahava Raba fulfills the obligation to recite a bracha over Torah learning?
Sources: OC 47:7-8; MB 47:13-18
8 Sivan 5767 listen Daytime Sleep and Other Interruptions in Learning (13:32)
Most brachot are only valid so long as one keeps focused on the action over which one made the brachah. So what happens if you take your mind off your learning?
Sources: OC 47:10-11; MB 47:22-25
5 Sivan 5767 listen Staying Awake All Night; Awakening before Dawn (15:56)
If you are awake all night, does one say Birkot HaTorah the following morning? What if you slept a little? What if you wake up to learn in the middle of the night -- are brachot required prior to learning? Halachah l'ma'aseh for Shavuot.
Sources: OC 47:12-13; MB 47:28-33
4 Sivan 5767 listen Thinking Thoughts of Torah (11:57)
Is a brachah required prior to thinking thoughts of Torah? If so, how can we do a mitzvah -- any mitzvah -- without first making Birkot HaTorah?
Sources: OC 47:4; MB 47:5-7; Beur Halacha d.h. "HaKotev"
1 Sivan 5767 listen Does writing words of Torah require a blessing? (7:51)
When writing or copying words of Torah or pasukim one is not learning Torah. Does writing require a blessing?
Sources: OC 47:3; MB 47:4
28 Iyar 5767 listen The Importance of Birkot HaTorah (15:30)
We are obligated to make birkot HaTorah with joy over the gift that Hashem has entrusted to us. Failure to do so brings serious consequences
Sources: OC 47:1; MB 47:1-2
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Sara Chanah bat Rachel Devorah.
27 Iyar 5767 listen The Requirement for Birkot HaTorah (15:25)
Birkot HaTorah are required prior to any Torah learning -- including both the Written and Oral Torah, Midrash, Halacha, and even Musar.
Sources: Brachot 11b; Tos. Br. 11b d.h. SheKvar Niftar; OC 47:2; MB 47:3
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Chedva Tzippora bas Sarah.
26 Iyar 5767 listen Birkot HaTorah - Introduction (14:53)
An overview of the blessings made over learning Torah. How many blessings are there?
Sources: OC 47:5-6; MB 47:8-12
Dedicated as a zechut for a refuah shleimah for Ariella Rivkah ben Devora Pessel.
16 Sivan 5766 listen Korbanot (Part 2) (8:12)
The reading of morning korbanot as a means of teshuva.
Sources: OC 1:7-9; MB 1:18,20
Dedicated by Ronald and Marion Stein l'ilui nishmat Dov Matisyahu ben Rav Tzvi and Yaffe Yehudit.
13 Sivan 5766 listen Korbanot (Part 1) (14:52)
The readings of the morning offerings (korbanot).
Sources: OC 1:5-6; MB 1:14-15,17; OC 48:1; MB 48:1
12 Sivan 5766 listen Techinot: The Akeidah, Parshat HaMan, Aseret HaDibrot (12:30)
Extra prayers and supplications: the binding of Isaac, the manna given in the dessert, and the Ten Commandments. When, how, and why are they recited?
Sources: OC 1:4-5; MB 1:13,16
Dedicated for a refuah shleima for Yafitte bat Aliza Sali.
9 Sivan 5766 listen Midnight Prayers and Supplications (12:02)
Tikkun Chatzot, Kavanah, and mourning for the Temple and Exile
Sources: OC 1:2-4; MB 1:10-12
26 Iyar 5766 listen Never Be Embarrassed to Do a Mitzvah (15:02)
Even if others mock you for excessive piety, never be embarrassed to keep the Torah. How, if at all, should you respond to such mockery?
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:5-8; Beur Halacha d.h. "V'Low Yitbayeish"
25 Iyar 5766 listen Six Constant Mitzvot (15:35)
Keep focus on six aspects of Jewish belief and you can avoid all misdeeds.
Sources: Beur Halacha d.h. "Hu Klal Gadol BaTorah"
21 Iyar 5766 listen Keeping Mindful of Hashem (13:52)
Being mindful of our constant presence before Hashem will change all of our behavior.
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:3-4,9
20 Iyar 5766 listen How to Wake Up in the Morning (12:11)
The first actions of the day are dedicated to Hashem. What are the morning mitzvot?
Sources: OC 1:1; MB 1:1-2
13 Iyar 5766 listen Morning Brachot (1:00:58)
An introduction to the Morning Blessings, based on Brachot 60b.
Sources: Brachot 60b

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Enjoy each of Rav Dovid's Daily Halacha Series:
Wake Up! | Kavanah | Zmanim | Tzitzit | Tefillin | Brachot
Pesukei d'Zimra | Kriat Shema | Amidah | Geshem and Tal | Mincha
Kaddish | Amen! | Shabbos | Kiddush | Shofar | Teshuva
Rosh HaShana | Ten Days | Yom Kippur | Sukkos | Pesach | Sefirat HaOmer
Shavuot | Chanukah | Purim | Rosh Chodesh | Tu B'Shvat
Fast Days | The Three Weeks | Tisha B'Av | The Four Parshiyot | Parshat HaShavua
The Kosher Kitchen | Issur v'Heter | Speaking to G-d | Spiritual Reality, Spiritual Freedom
The Jewish Calendar | Chinuch: Education | A Practical Guide to Shabbos | Rav Dovid's Shiurim
True or False? | Respect for Parents, Elders, and Torah Scholars | Ben Adam l'Chaveiro
Rav Dovid's daily halacha is given at the Wall Street Synagogue before shacharit.

Like what you read? Contact Rav Dovid to bring him to your community for a lecture, class, or shabbaton.